Jiří Kolář was born on September 24, 1914 in Protivín. Kolář is a Czech poet and artist, and an autodidact. Co-founder and theorist of Art Group 42, member of Umělecká beseda. From 1980 to 1999 he lived in Paris, then in Prague. Since the 1960s, he has been involved in the program of collage, utilizing and later developing its modified principles (chiasmage, fly-over, interleaves) and discovered the "rollage".
Today, Jiří Kolář is generally considered to be a classic of collage, a genre whose genesis is related to the beginnings of modern art. Kolář, however, managed to innovate this genre and create a distinctive artistic discipline. This was made possible by the exceptional originality of his personality, his extraordinary creative invention and his almost musical sense of variation. The eternal desire to discover and experiment has always brought new and new creative approaches, which have never been applied mechanically and formally, but always with an emphasis on the intensity of internal communication. To your specific content at the level of a symbol or epic story. Jiří Kolář is characterized by enormous commitment and working concentration, technical bravura, but above all, almost animal enjoyment, insight and humorous humor, which he suggests to the audience. In the first place, however, he remains a poet who develops a distinctive symbiosis of poetry and visual art in the area between picture and word, which has a long tradition in Czech modern culture. The complexity and qualitative balance of Kolář's work, combining the literary and artistic components and the links between old and new art, is extremely inspiring. The roots of Jiří Kolář's artistic and human personality lie firmly in the atmosphere of the pre-war avant-garde. After his first poetic experiments, which included several collages exhibited at the exhibition in Mozarteu in 1937, Kolář's poetics developed within the famed Group 42. Kolář's poetic work culminates after World War II, when in a short sequence he prepares a number of his poems collections, some of which were not released in new circumstances after the February 1948 coup. Politically persecuted, he paused for a while to devote himself to his own work, which is characterized by a definitive break with verbal poetry and experiments with evident and nonverbal poetry developing specific methods of collage. The large exhibition at the Václav Špála Gallery in Prague in 1968, which also opens Jiří Kolář's journey to the world, also marks the normalization times when this non-grata person was officially removed from cultural awareness and then forced to leave for Paris. However, the influence of Jiří Kolář was not limited to a narrow circle of friends from the Slavia Café. His work and civic attitudes resonated in a surprisingly wide cultural circle of several generations and played a truly key role. In a way, Jiří Kolář represents a complex struggle to maintain the continuity of Czech culture that has been forcibly broken several times. He enjoys universal respect for his personal and human qualities, moral credit, generosity, tolerance and insight. His enthusiasm and energy contributed to a successful attempt to revive modern Czech art at times when it was most endangered. Many young artists therefore naturally endorse Jiří Kolář as a spiritual driver of their development. After a long censorship, when the author did not publish a single book in the Czech Republic between 1971 and 1989 and held a single exhibition, the 1990s were marked by a return to the Czech audience. Judging from the response received by the exhibitions and book editions, it is a triumphant return that testifies that Kolář's distinctive artifacts have lost nothing of their appeal and timeliness. Jiří Kolář is one of the most versatile and inventive personalities of Czech modern culture and is rightly nowadays a well-known and generally recognized artist in Europe.